The electronic presentation of “The Dictionary of the Russian Language of the 21st century”: Opportunities for development


  • Ekaterina Y. Vaulina Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia



explanatory dictionary, lexical system, system links, electronic version, marking, lexicographical system


The publication of the first volume of “The Dictionary of the Russian Language of the 21st Century” marks a specific stage in the development of traditional lexicography of the modern Russian language. This dictionary represents a model of the lexical system, built on a large volume of words with detailed and comprehensive analysis of semantic structures — the full dictionary will contain more than 200 000 units (compared with over than 12 000 words, idioms and collocations included in the first volume). Systemic links, connecting entries throughout the alphabet (hypero-hyponymic relations, synonyms, antonyms, thematic clusters and so on), are included in semantic explanations whenever possible, although beyond the context of entire the dictionary some definitions illustrating lexical consistency may remain incomplete. These systemic links could be demonstrated in the electronic version of the dictionary by means of balloon tips or hyperlinks, before all the alphabetic parts of the dictionary are ready for print. Each entry field in the dictionary is specifically marked, which provides for the delivery of the results in different searches in the electronic version and, furthermore, presupposes the use of the dictionary as a foundation of the lexicographical system of modern Russian. This lexicographical marking was approbated in a wide range of specific and explanatory dictionaries, which can be used as additional blocks or modules in such a lexicographical system. In addition, this universal marking system can be applied to the majority of other dictionaries and lexicographic materials. Such detailed lexicographical marking can serve as a basis for linking information from different lexicographical resources not only based on vocabulary matches, but also including account collocations, idiomatic meanings and other specific parameters of the dictionary entry. The foundation of a lexicographical system should meet the requirements of scientific validity, contemporaniety, normativity, be explicitly structured and cover a significant amount of data, and the materials of “The Dictionary of the Russian Language of the 21st century” correspond to all these requirements.



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Modern Lexicography